inside prison


Berg Balance Scale

The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) measures balance in older people with impairment in balance function by assessing their performance on a number of functional motor tasks. It is a valid and reliable scale used in clinical practice and research. The scale consists of 14 items and takes between 10 and 15 minutes to complete. You will need a ruler, two standard chairs (one with arm rests, one without), a footstool, stopwatch, and a 15-foot walkway. If you are completing the assessment to measure change from baseline, a change in score of 8 points is needed to conclude that a genuine improvement of deterioration has taken place. A higher score is associated with a lower fall risk.
Sources
Berg K, Wood-Dauphinee S, Williams JI and Gayton D. (1989): Measuring balance in the elderly: preliminary development of an instrument. Physiotherapy Canada 41: 304-311.
Predicting falls within the elderly community: comparison of postural sway, reaction time, the Berg balance scale and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale for comparing fallers and non-fallers
You are a male | female

Question Instructions Grading (mark first response that applies)
1. Sit to Stand “Please stand up. Try not to use your hands for support” 0: Needs moderate or maximal assistance to stand
1: Needs minimal assistance to stand or to stabilize
2: Able to stand using hands after several tries
3: Able to stand independently using hands
4: Able to stand with no hands and stabilize independently
2. Standing unsupported “Please stand for 2 minutes without holding onto anything” 0: Unable to stand 30 seconds unassisted
1: Needs several tries to stand 30 seconds unsupported
2: Able to stand 30 seconds unsupported
3: Able to stand 2 minutes without supervision
4: Able to stand safely for 2 minutes If person is able to stand 2 minutes safely, score full points for sitting unsupported (item 3). Proceed to item 4.
3. Sitting with back unsupported with feet on floor or on a stool “Sit with arms folded for 2 minutes” 0: Unable to sit without support for 10 seconds
1: Able to sit for 10 seconds
2: Able to sit for 30 seconds
3: Able to sit for 2 minutes under supervision
4: Able to sit safely and securely for 2 minutes
4. Stand to sit “Please sit down” 0: Needs assistance to sit
1: Sits independently but had uncontrolled descent
2: Uses back of legs against chair to control descent
3: Controls descent by using hands
4: Sits safely with minimal use of hands
5. Transfers “Please move from chair to chair and back again” (Person moves one way toward a seat with armrests and one way toward a seat without armrests) Arrange chairs for pivot transfer 0: Needs two people to assist or supervise to be safe
1: Needs one person to assist
2: Able to transfer with verbal cueing and/or supervision
3: Able to transfer safely with definite use of hands
4: Able to transfer safely with minor use of hands
6. Standing unsupported with eyes closed “Close your eyes and stand still for 10 seconds” 0: Needs help to keep from falling
1: Unable to keep eyes closed for 3 seconds but remains steady
2: Able to stand for 3 seconds
3: Able to stand for 10 seconds without supervision
4: Able to stand for 10 seconds safely
7. Stand unsupported with feet together “Place your feet together and stand without holding on to anything” 0: Needs help to attain position and unable to hold for 15 seconds
1: Needs help to attain position but able to stand for 15 seconds with feet together
2: Able to place feet together independently but unable to hold for 30 seconds
3: Able to place feet together independently and stand for 1 minute without supervision
4: Able to place feet together independently and stand for 1 minute safely The following items are to be performed while standing unsupported
8. Reaching forward with outstretched arm “Lift your arm to 90°. Stretch out your fingers and reach forward as far as you can” (Examiner places a ruler and end of fingertips when arm is at 90°. Fingers should not touch the ruler while reaching forward. The recorded measure is the distance toward that the fingers reach while the person is in the most forward lean position.) 0: Needs help to keep from falling
1: Reaches forward but needs supervision
2: Can reach forward more than 2 inches safely
3: Can reach forward more than 5 inches safely
4: Can reach forward confidently more than 10 inches
9. Pick up object from the floor from a standing position “Please pick up the shoe/slipper that is placed in front of your feet” 0: Unable to try/needs assistance to keep from losing balance or falling
1: Unable to pick up shoe and needs supervision while trying
2: Unable to pick up shoe but comes within 1-2 inches and maintains balance independently
3: Able to pick up show but needs supervision
4: Able to pick up show safely and easily
10. Turn to look behind over left and right shoulders while standing “Turn you upper body to look directly over your left shoulder. Now try turning to look over you right shoulder” 0: Needs assistance to keep from falling
1: Needs supervision when turning
2: Turns sideways only but maintains balance
3: Looks behind one side only; other side shows less weight shift
4: Looks behind from both sides and weight shifts well
11. Turn 360 degrees “Turn completely in a full circle. Pause, then turn in a full circle in the other direction” 0: Needs assistance while turning
1: Needs close supervision or verbal cueing
2: Able to turn 360° safely but slowly
3: Able to turn 360° safely to one side only in less than 4 seconds
4: Able to turn 360° in less than 4 seconds to each side
12. Place alternate foot on bench or stool while standing unsupported “Place each foot alternately on the bench (or stool). Continue until each foot has touched the bench (or stool) four times”. (Recommended use of 6- inch-high-bench.) 0: Needs assistance to keep from falling/unable to try
1: Able to complete fewer than two steps; needs minimal assistance
2: Able to complete four steps without assistance but with supervision
3: Able to stand independently and complete eight steps in more than 20 seconds
4: Able to stand independently and safely and complete eight steps in less than 20 seconds
13. Stand unsupported with one foot in front “Place one foot directly in front of the other. If you feel that you can’t place your foot directly in front, try to step far enough ahead that the heel of your forward foot is ahead of the toes of the other foot” (Demonstrate this test item) 0: Loses balance while stepping or standing
1: Needs help to step but can hold for 15 seconds
2: Able to take small step independently and hold for 30 seconds
3: Able to place one foot ahead of the other independently and hold for 30 second
4: Able to place feet in tandem position independently and hold for 30 seconds
14. Standing on one leg “Please stand on one leg as long as you can without holding onto anything” 0: Unable to try or needs assistance to prevent fall
1: Tries to lift leg, unable to hold 3 seconds but remains standing independently
2: Able to lift leg independently and hold up to 3 seconds
3: Able to lift leg independently and holds for 5 to 10 seconds
4: Able to lift leg independently and hold more than 10 seconds





   

© insideprison.com. All rights reserved.

home | terms | contact | site map | mobile